Strengthening Social-Oriented Leaders: Women's World Banking (WWB)
As many microfinance institution (MFI) decision makers face greater complexity from their industry’s commercialization, how do they effectively balance their social mission to serve the world’s poorest entrepreneurs with the need to grow a sustainable business?
This group must satisfy two goals — generate a profit, and do good by improving the lives of women entrepreneurs worldwide.
The Wharton School, a founding member of Women’s World Banking’s Center for Microfinance Leadership, is tackling that challenge through a unique Advanced Leadership Program, co-designed with WWB.
Women’s World Banking (WWB) brings its own expertise, sharing with participants examples of its customer research-based approach to product design. WWB works with partners to understand the needs of low-income women and men and the gender dynamics in households that influence financial decision making. This information results in the design and delivery of innovative financial products tailored to the needs of microentrepreneurs.
Fifty of the world’s top-rated MFIs sent nearly 100 representatives to the program between 2010 and 2012. The group included both veteran leaders with the mission of MFIs “in their DNA” and managers who are new to the microfinance industry. In 2012, the program drew participants from 14 countries.
This program encompasses all three pillars of the Wharton School — Innovation, and Social and Global Impact.
The program goals are threefold:
- Build a global understanding.
- Increase strategic and critical thinking.
- Drive stronger customer-centric innovation.
Wharton faculty challenged MFI leaders to rethink current mindsets by answering these questions:
- What can you do as a leader to integrate your institution’s social mission with its business strategy, rather than pursue two separate bottom lines?
- How do you think about microfinance opportunities from a global perspective and champion the microfinance “brand” beyond your own institution?
- How do you bring an innovative and a customer-centric approach to your products?
Wharton’s approach linked theory with practice — giving participants state-of-the-art tools and the chance to apply them on innovation-learning teams. The two-way learning between faculty and participants focused on critical thinking, encouraging students to question assumptions.
“A key concept was the idea of customer-centric innovation,” adds Martin Ihrig, PhD, Wharton Adjunct Assistant Professor. He says participants leveraged the “consumption chain” to define the processes their customers go through to buy a product or service. With this tool, “they had to innovate around not only the core needs of their customers, but also the needs of their customers’ customers.”
Many program participants are beginning to transform their thinking and business models, resulting in dramatic changes in their performance.
“Leaders coming out of the program recognize that they need to flex their leadership style and engage teams in different ways. They’re doing more listening, delegating and allowing others to arrive at answers,” explains Elizabeth Lynch, director of WWB’s Center for Microfinance Leadership.
H.P. Singh, chairman and managing director, Satin Creditcare Network Ltd., — a MFI serving 300,000 customers in northern India — credits the Wharton course with making him a more engaged leader.
“The biggest challenge for us is to fully leverage all of our human resources— to be nimble, flexible and always on our toes to innovate,” he says. “If we can perform in the best possible manner according to our abilities, we can move the ship forward.”
India-based MFIs have weathered a funding and indebtedness crisis, and now face greater industry regulation. Despite of these challenges, Satin Creditcare grew 40% in 2011 and now employs 1,000 people.
“We are starting to see transformation at an institutional level. We are really seeing people evolve their thinking over time. It’s inspiring".
— Mary Ellen Iskenderian, President and CEO, Women’s World Banking
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